Property manager

electrics: switches
Owners need health and safety checks to ensure that all basic concepts meet certain standards; with respect to electricity, this means the acquisition of an electrical safety certificate. The Electrical Safety Council is the governing body that draws up the necessary guidelines. It also publishes helpful documents, such as the Landlord's Guide to Electrical Safety. When applying guidelines and obtaining an electrical safety certificate, this is proof to tenants that all electricity on a property has a good standard and can be used safely when moving out. The certificate is a condition of the law and, at the request of the authorities, the lessor must be able to present the documents within seven days. Regular power control is recommended, but only a legal requirement on some properties. Plugs and appliances When evaluating a landlord's electrical safety certificate, a distinction is made between fixed installations - wiring, switches, plugs, lights - and appliances, including TVs, refrigerators and torsetes. All equipment provided by the landlord must be included in these controls to ensure that they work and that there is no risk of injury. They must also bear at least one CE mark: the manufacturer's claim that it complies with EU rules. If the property is an HMO (House in Multiple Occupancy) - which means that the apartments are not completely closed, with tenants sharing facilities (bathroom, kitchen) - then there is a legal requirement for regular inspection every five years. There is no legal obligation for other buildings, although it is recommended that inspections be carried out independently. The Institute of Electrical Engineers also proposes to conduct a test when long-term occupations are completed. You must ensure that you receive and keep documentation of all completed electrical installation work, as well as regular inspections and inspections. All certificates and reports must include test plans and test results. The type of certification or report you receive depends on the scope and type of electrical installation work or the inspections and tests you have performed. Adding or removing power As an owner, you can make changes to your property's electricity from time to time, perhaps update the power outlets or add additional lights. Under government electrical safety standards introduced in 2005, all of these works must comply with construction regulations - a number of legal requirements. Part P of the Construction Code describes the requirements for electrical work, which states that they must be pre-informed to their local authority or carried out by an approved electrician. Applies to all electrical changes, including wiring. It is your responsibility to prove that all power plants you own comply with Part P - a new electrical safety certificate could be issued once the work is completed, or a small work certificate if considered a small task. What is a status report for electrical installations? A report on the status of the electrical installation gives you and your tenants the assurance that electrical appliances (including accessories, plugs, switches and cables) on your property are functioning properly and do not pose a high risk of fire. The Electrical Installation Status Report also contains information about the work required to maintain a property to the required standard, identify electrical installations that do not comply with iET wiring regulations, and check some of the electricity in a home that carries a risk of high temperatures or electric shocks.   The Electrical Safety Council recommends that reports on the conditions of electrical installations be prepared at least every ten years, which means that the new legal requirement now imposed on homeowners is even more preventive than professional advice accepted by the standard. Your electrician will test the following for the electrical installation status report: Fuse or consumption unit Switches, sockets and accessories, including accessories (an example section of which) Installationspolarit-tspr-fungen Test protective devices to make sure they're still working Electrical certification for new installations, modifications or additions Electrical Installation Certificates (CI) and Minor Electrical Installation Certificates (MEIWC) give you an explanation, as responsible for the safety of an electrical system, that the new system or modification or addition can be used safely at the time of commissioning. Outstanding certificates also provide a basis for additional inspections and testing, as they can help save on costly exploratory work that would otherwise be needed in the future. In addition, in case of reports of injury or fire by an electrical system, the certificates are documentary evidence that the installation has been installed with a satisfactory level of safety. The EIC indicates whether electrical work is the key: New: where the entire installation was reinstalled, so that a complete wiring was performed. Added: Applies if an existing installation has been modified by adding one or more new circuits. Change: Applies if one or more existing circuits have been modified or extended (for example, to add a plug), or when items such as a consumption unit (fuse) and switching equipment have been replaced. An EIC must be issued for all new electrical installations. It may also be necessary for a modification or addition of the installation - depending on whether a new circuit has been installed or not. If a change or addition is made but does not contain a new circuit, a MEIWC or EIC can be used. Owner's electrical safety In addition to your certificate, there are other precautions you can take regarding electrical safety. During each inspection, make sure that all plugs, sockets and switches are intact and that all visible cables and cables remain in good condition. When inspecting during the rental, you can check that the plugs are not overloaded. Also ask your tenants if everything works well; check that you had no problems with the bulbs blowing or spark plugs, tripping over the fuse box.
heating: radiator
Electric central heating can mean two things: upgrading your old gas boiler to an electric boiler, or upgrading your old radiators to smart electric radiators. These simply heat your entire house without boilers. It is like central heating, but designed for a modern lifestyle. The term central heating was originally used only in the literal sense. Central heating meant any heating system powered by a single heating source - usually a system of pipes and radiators powered by a gas or oil boiler. The central electric heating in this regard is the same as a conventional central heating, but with an electric boiler. However, when we talk about central heating in a more general sense as a complete house heating system, there are many more possibilities. If your home doesn't have network gas, you can use electricity to heat it, as almost all households in the UK have access to the power grid. However, electric heating can be expensive. One of the greatest advantages of electric power plant heating over conventional central heating is the energy efficiency inherent in modular design. In each really "central" heating system, the water is heated in a central boiler and pushed around the house by a piping system to each individual radiator. This is inevitably ineffective because in the time it takes water to reach each radiator, a significant amount of heat is lost through the pipes - the heat supply where it is not necessary. A traditional central heating network also has the disadvantage that you need to activate the entire system if you want to use a single radiator - so you will consume a lot more electricity than you really need if you just want to heat a single room. Nachtheizung The most cost-effective form of power plant heating uses night storage heaters. These heaters use electricity supplied at a cheaper "night" rate to heat special ceramic bricks that preserve heat. These bricks heat your home 24 hours a day with the heat stored in them. Night heaters release heat slowly and are designed to stay warm the next day. Once the heat is running out, you will have to wait until the next night for them to heat up again; This means that your home is the coldest at night. However, there are some storage heaters that allow you to turn on the immediate heat at any time of the day. Read on to learn more about the pros and cons of electric heating. Modern electric heaters and radiators Technology has evolved since storage heaters were first installed in the 1960s. Modern storage devices can now be supplied with: Thermostats Remote Wi-Fi controls Programmable timers Fans help with heat distribution Open window detectors   As of January 1, 2018, all new electric radiators with thermostats, 24- and seven-day programmed buckets, temperature controls and fans must be available. Older models that were made previously can still be sold, so check carefully before buying. High heat storage systems can absorb more heat than conventional models; 45% 24 hours after the last charge. This means that it will cool less frequently at night. You can also customize electric radiators that work with standard power prices so you can turn them on and off to heat your home whenever you want. However, this will cost more, as explained below. Economy 7 and Economy 10 If your home has night storage heaters, you will usually use it with a special electricity rate that offers cheaper electricity prices at night. Electricity rates that supply cheap electricity are commonly known as Savings 7, as they give you seven hours of cheaper electricity at night. Economy 10 works the same way and gives you three extra hours of cheap electricity - usually in the middle of the afternoon. Other types of meters, including white and gray meters, are installed along with certain types of electric heating and offer specific prices. Smart meters also charge electricity in time of use, and some companies have introduced rates that offer lower rates at times when electricity demand is lower. Learn more about installing a smart meter. Cheap electricity can also be used to provide hot water through a water heater submerged in your hot water tank. You can also operate electric radiators at a standard one-priced electric rate. However, due to the relatively high price of electricity during the day at these rates compared to Economy 7 and Economy 10, these can be expensive to operate and should only be considered if you have a very well insulated property and do not need to use it regularly. Pros and Cons of power central heating Pros Electric night heaters are much cheaper to install than gas central heating systems, as they do not require pipes or fireplace. With very few moving parts, storage heaters require very little maintenance and do not require annual maintenance. Unlike gas, electricity is available almost everywhere in the UK. Cons Electricity prices are about three to four times higher than gas prices per unit of energy. Gas and electricity prices have risen over the past year and are expected to remain high. About 40% of UK electricity is generated by gas-fired power plants, so any increase in gasoline prices will also be reflected in electricity costs. The daily rates of Economy 7 or Economy 10 fares are higher than the standard electric rates of a price. So you'll get cheaper heat, but the appliances running during the day could be expensive. If you haven't turned on the heater lately and turned on your night heater, you won't have the heat until the next night.